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Yambo Ouologuem


Yambo Ouologuem was born in Bandiagara, Mali in 1940. He was the descendant of a ruling family. After studying in Mali, he continued his studies in France. he earned degrees in English, literature and philosophy at the Ecole normale supérieure. He taught for a while while preparing a doctorate in sociology. He published his best known novel Le Devoir de violence (Bound to Violence) in 1968. This novel was later accused of plagiarism. He later published a collection of essays and an erotic novel. He later returned to Mali, where he was the director of a youth centre. He died in 2017.

Other links

Yambo Ouologuem
Yambo Ouologuem
Plagiarist or Master? The Tortured Legacy of Yambo Ouologuem
In Search of Yambo
Yambo Ouologuem Forum (blog by his daughter)
Yambo Ouologuem (in French)
« Les Oubliés de la République » : Yambo Ouologuem, Le Devoir de reconnaissance (in French)
Obituary (in French)


1968 Le Devoir de violence (Bound to Violence)
1969 Lettre à la France nègre
1969 Les Milles et un bibles du sexe
1969 Terres de soleil
1973 Introduction aux lettres africaines
2008 The Yambo Ouologuem reader