José Pereira da Graça Aranha was born in 1868 in São Luís. His father was a journalist. He studied law in Recife and became a judge, the basis for his best-known book, Canaã (Canaan). He became a founding members of the Brazilian Academy of Letters before he published a book. He subsequently became a career diplomat, retiring in 1921 when he returned to Brazil. He was a keen promoter of modernism in Brazilian literature and clashed with the traditionalists. He was involved in the famous Modern Art Week, which led to the promotion of modernism in Brazil. He wrote novels and works of literary theory. He died in 1931.
1902 Canaã (Canaan) (novel)
1921 A Estética da Vida
1925 Espírito Moderno
1926 Manifesto de Marinetti e seus companheiros
1929 A viagem maravilhosa,
1931 O meu próprio romance
1935 O manifesto dos mundos sociais