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Gao Xingjian


Gao Xingjian was the surprise winner of the 2000 Nobel Prize, being unknown to the majority of Chinese (he left China and became a French citizen) and to all but specialists in Chinese literature. None of his works was even available in English. He was born in 1940 in Ganzhou, Jiangxi province. He came of a cultured family and, as a child, was encouraged to paint, write and play violin. He studied French literature, in which he took his degree in 1962. However, at this time his mother drowned and he had to become a farm labourer. During the Cultural Revolution he was sent to a re-education camp. He had started to write but destroyed most of his work but, nevertheless, continued to write. After camp, he became a translator and a playwright but also painted. In 1986 his play The Other Shore was banned and he was allowed to travel abroad. He went to Paris, where he stayed and, eventually, became a French citizen. He has continued to write plays and prose fiction as well as paint.

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Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian
Profile: Gao Xingjian
Gao Xingjian: Life As A Literature Laureate
Contemporary Technique and National Character in Fiction By Gao Xingjian
The Case for Literature (2000 Nobel lecture)


(only books translated into English)
1986 給我老爺買魚竿 (Buying a Fishing Rod for my Grandfather) (stories)
1986 彼岸 (The Other Side; later: The Other Shore) (drama)
1990 灵山 (Soul Mountain)
1993 山海經傳 (Of Mountains and Seas: A Tragicomedy of the Gods in Three Acts) (drama)
1995 冥城 (City of the Dead) (drama)
1998 一个人的圣经 (One Man’s Bible)
1999 彼岸 (The Other Shore: Plays by Gao Xingjian)
2001 Ballade nocturne (Song of the Night) (written in French)
2002 Ink Paintings by Gao Xingjian
2002 Return to Painting
2004 八月雪 (Snow in August) (drama)
2005 Cold Literature: Selected Works by Gao Xingjian
2007 The Case for Literature
2012 Gao Xingjian: Aesthetics and Creation
2012 You shen yu xuan si : Gao Xingjian shi ji by Xingjian Gao
2012 遊神與玄思 (Wandering Mind and Metaphysical Thoughts)
2016 高行健 : 墨光 (Layers of Light, Ink in Mind)