Home » Movements home page » Anthropophagy


Anthropophagy was a Brazilian literary movement founded by the Brazilian writer Oswald de Andrade. In 1928 he published a manifesto (original Portuguese). In it, he pointed out that Brazilian literature had cannibalised European models but he called for a modern Brazilian literature which would use native Brazilian primitivism to create a modernist Brazilian literature. Its leitmotif was Tupi or not Tupi that is the question (in English in the original text). (The Tupi were a native Brazilian tribe and, allegedly, cannibals.)

Other links

Manifesto in English
Manifesto in Portuguese
Manifesto Antropófago
“Cannibalist Manifesto”